You can use gradle to override the android artifacts that get resolved. I'll look up my code for it and post shortly. I was thinking of something else. You can just declare a dependency on material3 1.1.0 in your android dependencies block and it should use it.
One thing to watch out for is that there are some ABI incompatibilities (I had some with TextFieldDefaults) but you should be able to work around them with expect/actual
Just re-read your question again, and I realize that you probably mean can you get it for non-android targets, in which case the answer is not currently. Sorry for the roller coaster 🙈